Paddy is the most important and extensively grown food crop in the World. It is the staple food of more than 60 percent of the world population. Rice is mainly produced and consumed in the Asian region. India has the largest area under paddy in the world and ranks second in the production after China. Country has also emerged as a major rice consumer.
Rice is primarily a high energy calorie food. The major part of rice consists of carbohydrate in the form of starch, which is about 72- 75 percent of the total grain composition. The protein content of rice is around 7 percent. The protein of rice contains glutelin, which is also known as oryzenin. The nutritive value of rice protein (biological value = 80) is much higher than that of wheat (biological value = 60) and maize (biological value = 50) or other cereals. Rice contains most of the minerals mainly located in the pericarp and germ and about 4 percent phosphorus. Rice also contains some enzymes.
Major Paddy producing countries
China, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Philppines, and Japan
Major Paddy producing states in India
Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Karnataka, and Haryana
Major markets for paddy / rice producing States
Guntur, Narsaraopet, Ongole, Tadepalligadem, Vijaywada, Gudivadu, Machilipattanum, Nellore, Kovur, Amudalavalas, Ramchandra Puram, Kottaleta, Khamam, Mahbubnagar, Badapally, Nandyal, Siddipet, Karimnagar, Jammikutty, Jagityal, Pedupally, Warangal, Mulug, Nizamabad, Boddhan, Suryapet, Miryalgod, Lunettipet
Patna City, Ara, Buxar, Mohonia, Sasaram, Siwan, Maharajganj, Muzaffarpur, Motihari, Narkatiaganj, Darbhanga, Madhubani,Sahrsa, Tribeniganj, Samstipur, Katihar, Bhagalpur, Munger, Aurangabad, Gaya, Sonbarsa, Betiah, Farbisganj
Ahmedabad, Nadiad, Anand, Borsad, Petlad, Godhra, Dahod, Zalod, Himmat Nagar, Kalot, Valsad, Navsari, Dharmpur, Surat, Bardoli, Vadodara
Ambala, Panchkula, Yamuna Nagar, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Karnal, Panipat, Hissar, Fathehabad, Sirsa, Rohtak, Jind, Sonepat, Faridabad, Gurgaon
Bangalore, Bhadravati, Devanagere, Gangavatti, Lingasugur, Manvi, Raichur, T. Narasipur, Bangarpet, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore, Tumkur, Bellary
Ernakulam, Trivendrum, Kozhikode, Nedumudi
Balaghat, Katani, Vara Seoni, Satna, Mandla, Nainpur, Bichhia, Barghat, Jabalpur, Rewa, Panna, Shahpura, Dabra, Hanumana
Pune, Panvel, Kalyan, Sangli, Solapur, Jalna, Nagpur, Gondia, Tumsar, Pavni, Amgaon, Tiroda, Dhule, Nashik, Dharmabad
Atabira, Bargarh, Cuttak, Sambalpur, Bolangir, Balasore
Amritsar, Bathida, Fatehgar Saheb, Ferozpur, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Hosiarpur, Jallandhar, Kapurthalla, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Muktasur, Narasahar, Patiala, Ropar, Sangrur
Thanjavar, Thiruvannamabai, Villupurm, Nagpattinum, Gimbatore, Erode, Trichitapallai, Pudukottai, Madurai, Dindigal
Sahajhanpur, Pilibhit, Hardoi, Ghaziabad, Sitapur, Mainpuri, Pukhrayan, Barilly, Chandauli, Powayan, Puranpur, Saharanpur, Golapokarannath, Baheri, Meerut, Dudhi, Bulandshahart, Basti, Sultanpur Kasganj, Kasipur, Rampur, Badaun, Bijnor, Moradabad, J.B. Phulnagar
Haldibari, Tufanganj, Alipurdwar, Siliguri, Islampur, Kandi, Bethudahari, Karmpur, Panduah, Kalna, Katwa, Burdwan, Rampurhat, Suri, Bolpur, Bishnupur, Bankura, Midnapore, Jhargram.