Groundnut botanically known as Arachis hypogeae belongs to Leguminosae family. India is the second largest producer of groundnut after China accounted for 21.03% share in the world production during 2003. It is the largest oilseed in India in terms of production. Groundnut accounted for 34.66 % of the production of oilseeds in the country during 2001-02. Gujarat is the largest producer contributing 25% of the total production followed by Tamil Nadu (22.48%), Andhra Pradesh (18.81%), Karnataka (12.64%), and Maharashtra (10.09%) during 2002-03. Groundnut contains on an average 40.1% fat, 25.3% protein and is fairly a rich source of calcium, iron and vitamin B complex like thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin A. It has multifarious usages. It is not only used as a major cooking medium for various food items but also utilized for manufacture of soap, cosmetics, shaving cream, lubricants, etc. In fact, it plays a pivotal role in oilseed economy of India.
Major Groundnut producing countries
Argentina, Burkina Faso , Chad, China, Congo, Dem, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, USA and Viet Nam
Major Groundnut producing states in India
Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa
Major Groundnut assembling markets
Karim Nagar, Jogityal, Jannikunta, Nizamabad, Warangal, Kesanudrah, Nahaboobagad, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Kadapa, Prodductor, Markapur, Kandokor, Tandur, Vikarabad, Pargi, Pondur, Rajan, Srikakulam, Mahaboobnagar, Badepally, Gadwal, Narayanapet, Kurnool, Adoni, Dhone, Anantapur, Hindupur, Kadiri, Kalyandurgh, Tadipatri.
Junagarh, Kodinar, Mangrol, Kalvad, Angar, Chitra Bhavnagar, Mahura, Mahuva, Amreli, Rajkot, Gondas
Belgaum, Athni, Bailhongal, Gokak, Saundatti, Nadgad, Sankeshvar, Ramdurg, Katkol, Bidar, Hommabad, Chithguptpo, Bagalkot, Bijapur, Dharwar, Gadag, Hubli, Laxmeshwar, Haveri, Ranebennur, Mundargi, Gajendragad, Gulbarga, chittapur, Yadgiri, Raichur, Kappal, Shimoga, Sagar, Bangalore, Cahnnapatna, Bellary, Hospet, Chickmagalur, Chitaldurga, Devangere, Challakera, Harihar, Hassan Arsikera, Bellur, Chintamani, Mysore, Tumkur, Tiptur, Madhugir, Sirsi
Villupuram, Kallakurichi, Thirikovilur, Gingee, Dindivanam, Cuddalore, Virudhachalam, Thiruvanaanala, Arni, Cheyyar, Vikkorravandi,Wundpet, Vandavasi, Chetpet.
Akalkot, Barsi, Karmala, Akluj, Pandharpur, sholapur, Kopergaon, Rahuri, Shrirampur, Shegaon, Ahmednagar, Chalisgaon, Jalgaon, Pachora, Amalner, Chopda, Bhusaval, Raver, Dhulia, Dondaiche, Nandurbar, Shirpur, Shahada, Kolhapur, Gadhinglaj, Vadgaon, Satana, Lasalgaon, Yeola, Baramati, sirur, Tasgaon, Akola, Karnaja, Akot, Amravati, dhanangaon, Gondia, Khamgaon, Malkapur, Nandura, Mehkar, Shegaon, Wardha, Yeotmal, Umerkhed, Wani, Aurangabad, Jalan, Latur, Vaijapur, Bhir, dharur, Manjilegaon, Nanded, Deglur, Loha Kallam, Latur, Udgir, Osmanabad, Nilanga, Parbhani, Gangakhed, Hingoli, Partur, Sailu, Manwath.
MADHYA PRADESH & CHATTISGARH
Raipur, Damoh, Anjad, Barwah, Khetia, Khargaon, Bamora, Bhind, Laskar, Dabra, Morena, Ujjain, Khachraud, Mahidpur, Baranagar, Bhilsa (Vidisha), Basoda, Sironj, Guna, Dewas, Ashok Nagar, Mungaoli, Indore, Mandsaur, Jawad, Neemuch, Piplia, Narsinghagarh, Ratlam, Akodia, Shivpuri, Manawar, Raigarh, Burhanpur, Tikamgarh, Ashta.
Alwar, Kherli, Bhratpur, Dholpur, Bhilwara, Jaipur, Hindon, Gangapur, Tonk, Bikaner, Srigangangar, Raisinghnagar, Srikaranpur, Hanumangarh, Jodhpur, Summer, Metrta city, Pali, Udaipur, Fatehnagar, Ajmer, Mandaganj, Kishangarh, Beawar, Kekri, Bundi, Nimbahera, Bhawani Mandi, Kota, Ramganj Mandi
UTTAR PRADESH & UTTARANCHAL
Choharpur, Dehradum, Kotdwar, Kashipur, Ramnagar, Haldwani, Rudrapur, Badshpur, Jaunpur, Varnasi, Basti, Nowgarh, Shoharatgarh, Berhani, Deoria, Ghazipur, Jangipur, Balrampur, Nawabganj, Gorkhpur, Sitapur, Allahabad, Bharwari, Barabanki, Fetehpur, Kishanpur, Khaga, Bindki, Faizabad, Hardor, Shahabad, Balamau, Madhoganj, Kanpur, Uttaripura, Pokhrayan, Rura, Lucknow, Unnao, Pratapgarh, Raebareli, Lalganj, Sultanpur, Agra, Achhnera, Firozabad, Aligarh, Hathras, Bareilly, Bijnor, Najibabad, Nagina, Dhanpur, Kiratpur, Budaun, Ujhani, Bulandshhr, Khurja, Gulwathi, Deba, Kasganj, Gandundwara, Eta, Etawah, Auraiya, Bhartanana, Jaswantnagar, Dibiapur, Farrukhabad, Kaimganj, Chhibdamau, Lakhimpur, Golagokarannth, Mainpuri, shikohabad, Mathura, Kosikalan, Meerut, Hapur, Ghaziabad, Baraut, Mawana, Sardhana, Moradabad, Chandausi, Sambal, Bahjoi, Amroha, Mandi Dhanaura, Muzaffarnagar, Shamli, Kandhla, Khatauli, Pilibhit, Bilaspur, Rampur, Saharanpur, Monglour, Deoband, Rampur-Maniharan, Roorkee, Shahjannpur, Tilhar, Bnda, Atrrah, karwai, Barwa-Suerpur, Maudaha, Mahoba, Cherkhari, Maurinipur, chirgao, Lalitpur, Orai, Konch, Kalpi, Jalaun, Mirzapur.
Anugal, Padampur, Bolangir, Khendupatta, Banki, Raipur, Kendrapara, Malkangiri, Baripada, Bahadajhola, Nimapara, Gunpur, Surgipalli.
Nawada, Gaya, Biharsiraff, Patna City, Muzzaffarpur, Bharatpur, Bittaha, Gulbag, Samastipur
Gumla, Rachi, Lohargarh, Palamu, Singhbhum, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribag.