Current Cadmium Prices

The given Cadmium prices are compiled from pricing lists from various manufacturers and worldwide metal market data. Cadmium prices are updated regularly and are solely for reference.

About Cadmium

Cadmium

Cadmium (Cd) is a soft, malleable, bluish white metal found in zinc ores, and to a much lesser extent, in the cadmium mineral greenockite. Most of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries. Cadmium and its congeners in group 12 are often not considered transition metals, in that they do not have partly filled d or f electron shells in the elemental or common oxidation states. A rare element (about 0.2 gram per ton in Earth’s crust), cadmium occurs in a few minerals and in small quantities in other ores, especially zinc ores, from which it is produced as a by-product. The chief zinc ore, zinc blende, or sphalerite, consists mainly of zinc sulfide, containing from 0.1 to 0.3 percent cadmium.

Cadmium Origin And Distribution

Cadmium was discovered in 1817 by a physician, Friedrich Stromeyer (1776-1835). The element was first found in the condensation of vapors (mixed with soot and zinc oxides) that rose out of a furnace in which zinc oxide was being roasted. It is most often found in small quantities in zinc ores, such as sphalerite (ZnS). Cadmium mineral deposits are found in Colorado, Illinois, Missouri, Washington and Utah, as well as Bolivia, Guatemala, Hungary and Kazakhstan.

Cadmium Uses

Common industrial uses for cadmium today are in batteries, alloys, coatings (electroplating), solar cells, plastic stabilizers, and pigments. Cadmium is also used in nuclear reactors where it acts as a neutron absorber. Most of the cadmium produced worldwide has been for use in rechargeable nickel–cadmium batteries, which have been replaced by other rechargeable nickel-chemistry cell varieties such as NiMH cells, but about half of the remaining consumption of cadmium, which is approximately 2,000 tonnes.

Top Cadmium Producing Countries

Following are the major cadmium producing countries in the world:

  1.       China
  2.       South Korea
  3.       Japan
  4.       Canada
  5.       Kazakhstan
  6.       Russia
  7.       Netherlands
  8.       Mexico
  9.       Peru
  10.    Germany
  11.    Norway

Top Cadmium importing countries

  1.       India
  2.       China
  3.       European Union
  4.       Belgium
  5.       Sweden
  6.       Hong Kong
  7.       United States
  8.       Russia
  9.       Israel
  10.    France

Cadmium production

Most of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries. First discovered in Germany in 1817, cadmium found early use as a pigment because of its ability to produce brilliant yellow, orange, and red colors. Cadmium became an important metal in the production of nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) rechargeable batteries and as a sacrificial corrosion-protection coating for iron and steel. The republic of South Korea is by far the largest exporter of cadmium metal. Korea Zinc is the largest zinc producer in the world.