Green gram is one of the important pulse crop in India. It has been reported that Green gram has been cultivated in India since ancient times.. It is believed that Green gram is a native of India and Central Asia and grown in these regions since prehistoric times. It is widely cultivated throughout the Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, south China, and Formosa.
In Africa and U.S.A. it is probably recent. Green gram is a protein rich staple food. It contains about 25 percent protein, which is almost three times that of cereals. It supplies protein requirement of vegetarian population of the country. It is consumed in the form of split pulse as well as whole pulse, which is an essential supplement of cereal based diet.
The moong dal Khichdi is recommended to the ill or aged person as it is easily digestible and considered as complete diet. Roti with Moong dal and Moong dal chawal is an important ingredient in the average Indian diet. The biological value improves greatly, when wheat or rice is combined with Green gram because of the complementary relationship of the essential amino acids. It is particularly rich in Leucine, Phenylalanine, Lysine, Valine, Isoleucine, etc.
Major Green Gram Producing Countries
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, South China, and Farmosa
Major Green Gram producing states in India
Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Pondicherry
Important varieties of Green Gram grown in India
ML-267, LGG-450, LGG-460, LGG-407, WGG-37, Pusa-105
Andaman & Nicobar
Pant G 114, H-208, Radhe, C-235, BG-256, BR-77
K-158, PS-16, China Moong, S-4, Pusa Baisaki
Kopargaon, S-8, T-44, BM-4, Chamki, Mughlai, Fule M-2
Local, Tarm-1, Pusa 9072, LGG-407, Pusa Baisakhi, K-851, ML-5, ML-131, Sujata, Dhauli, PDM-54, PDM-11, Pant-2
ADT2,ADT3, Vamban, Paiur1, K-1, URM(GGI), CO4,CO5, VBN(GG2) CO6
Pant Moong-1, Type-44, Pant Moong-2, Pant Moong-3, Narendra Moong-1, PDM-54, Pant Moong-4, PDM11, Malvia Jyoti, Samrat, Malika Janchetna, Malika Janpriya
B-77, B-108, T-163, T-44